The disability field as most other rehabilitation fields was initially looked upon as a zone of charity. Consequently, there were very few technically qualified people. However, the scenario has changed a lot in the last few years and the need of the hour is for trained and qualified professionals. Special education as a field requires… [ Continue Reading ]
Mental retardation means a condition of arrested or incomplete development of the mind of a person, which is characterised by sub-normality of intelligence. Mental retardation can be caused by any condition, which impairs development of the brain before birth, during birth, or in the childhood years. The three major causes of mental retardation are Down… [ Continue Reading ]
At the age of four years Divya was hit by a car. She sustained a cord injury that left her confined to a wheelchair for life. By the age of 15, she had adjusted to life in a wheelchair and was enjoying many typical teenage pastimes including video games and listening to CDs. However, the… [ Continue Reading ]
All handicapped people are retarded. Intelligence is only affected if a person is mentally retarded or gifted. Mental retardation can range from mild to severe. The diagnosis is based on the IQ levels and functional development level. Gifted people are those who have above normal IQ. Other than these two conditions, other disabilities do not… [ Continue Reading ]
Hearing loss is a kind of physical impairment. It involves the total or partial loss to hear sound in one or both ears. There are many causes for hearing impairment but roughly they can be divided into two categories.